Essay On Mountains In English

Essay On Mountains In English

Essay On Mountains – The most noticeable geographical feature on Earth is the mountain range. They represent a lot of good things, like excellence, achievement, and strength. The mountain’s “Peak,” as it is known, is the highest point. Nevertheless, there are other high terrain types as well, such as plateaus, cliffs, and hills.

Essay On Mountains 

The mountains, which seem so enormous to us, are actually just minor surface abnormalities when measured against the expanse of the world. They’ve been likened to the wrinkling on an orange peel. Hard rock makes up every mountain and hill; otherwise, the earth would have been smoothed into plains long ago. The huge ranges were most likely created when the once-molten earth’s substance began to cool, but over the aeons, water, frost, and volcanic force have greatly altered their structure and magnitude.

Essay on mountains 

In conjunction with air, water, and earth, Ruskin noted that mountains are of the greatest possible benefit to man in three ways. The mountains play a significant role in maintaining the flow of air and replenishing its purity. High mountains with snow-covered tops have very cold air in contact with them, and cold air sinks.

While the hot air from the plains climbs to higher altitudes to be cooled and descend purified back to the lower levels, it descends to the plains and lowlands in cooling winds. Since the air is always flowing and being refilled by the cool rocks and snow of the mountains, it can never become stagnant in one location. These sand and mud are carried by mountain torrents into the major rivers, which when they flood deposit them on the ground and thereby nourish it. Tons of mud and sand will be deposited in one year by even a little watercourse. As a result, we owe the mountains for their clean air, freshwater, and rich soil. Here you can read some lines about mountains:-

10 Sentences About Mountains

In this Essay on mountains, You can read 10 sentences about mountains.

10 Sentences About Mountains
  1. The terms Hima, which means snow, and Alaya’s, which means residence, make up the Himalaya.
  2. The Himalayan range is home to Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
  3. There are three ranges in the Himalayas. Greater, Middle, and Lesser Himalayas are the three Himalayas.
  4. The Himalayas is 2400 kilometres long.
  5. The vast mountain range gives rise to numerous significant rivers, including the Indus, Ganga, and the Brahmaputra.
  6. Several nations, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, and China, are a part of the Himalayas.
  7. Rainfall caused by the Himalayas acts as a barrier to Monsoon winds known as orographic rain.
  8. The Himalayan range, which is an active range expanding at a pace of 20 mm per year, is the result of the movements of Tectonic Plates.
  9. The Hindus revere Mount Kailash.
  10. Glaciers in the Himalayas began to melt as a result of global warming.

Essay On Beauty Of Mountains

Mountain climbing is an adventurous activity that teaches individuals how to face their obstacles and overcome their worries. Even the most fearless people find it difficult to climb such enormous heights, but the rush makes it worthwhile.

Essay On Beauty Of Mountains

The second type of topography on the Earth’s surface is mountains. The mountain ranges are often divided into 12 sequential groups and have four different types of peaks:

  • Fold Mountains: Fold Mountains are erected at the curve in the Earth’s surface and are created when tectonic rocks crash with one another. These are the world’s biggest mountains.
  • Block Mountains: Block mountains are created when a big portion of the earth’s upper surface breaks apart or rises.
  • Volcano Mountains: Lava buildup deep within the earth causes volcano mountains to arise.
  • Remaining Mountains: Remaining mountains are created when debris becomes waterlogged.

Mountains are classified according to their height, which can be anywhere from 2000 and 6000 feet.

All of the world’s natural beauty is different from the sea of mountains. In addition to plain mountains with a growth of trees and plants, there are also numerous areas with snowy mountains that are quite difficult to climb. A unique touchingly gorgeous sight is to witness the sun rising from the middle of the mountains.

Essay On Mountains Of India

The entirety of India’s northern border is made up of high mountain ranges. The Himalayas, one of the most well-known mountain ranges in the world, span 2,500 kilometres from the Indus valley in the west to the Brahmaputra in the east.

Essay On Mountains Of India

Himalayan ranges are divided into three parts:
(i) The Greater Himalayas or Inner Himalayas
(ii) Middle or Lesser Himalayas
(iii) Outer Himalayas or Shivalik.

  1. The Greater Himalayas –
The Greater Himalayas
The Greater Himalayas

The Greater Himalayas are the Himalayas’ northernmost mountain range. The Hirradiri is another name for it. The Greater Himalayas have an average height of 6100 metres and are perpetually covered in snow. Some of the world’s tallest peaks are in this range. Some of these include Mount Everest, Mount Kanchanjunga, Nanga Parbat, Nandadevi, and Badrinath.

  1. The Lesser Himalayas
The Lesser Himalayas

It also goes by the name Himachal. The Greater Himalayas are located to the south of this range, which runs parallel to it. This range has a 4000-metre average height. Numerous stunning hill towns are tucked away in the lower Himalayas. Some of these include the valleys of Shimla, Mussoorie, Nainital, Kashmir, Kathmandu, Kangaroo, and Kullu.

  1. Outer Himalayas or Shivalik
Outer Himalayas or Shivalik

This is the Himalayas’ furthest southern mountain range. It stands 1000 metres tall on average. It is composed of duns or duars, which are rocks and soil. (Haridwars and Dehraduns).
Mount Everest, which is 8848 metres high and located in Nepal, is the highest peak in the Himalayas. The Purvachal is the collective name for the Himalayan range that extends east of the Brahmaputra valley and is home to the highest peak in the world. The Patkaai Bum, Naga, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, and Mizo hills are among them. From west to east, the Himalayas are referred to by several names:

  • Kashmir Himalayas
  • Punjab Himalayas
  • Kumaon Himalayas
  • Nepal Himalayas
  • Assam Himalayas

Western Himalayas refers to the combined Himalayas of Kashmir, Punjab, and Kumaon.

The Deccan Mountains-

The Deccan Plateau has a form that is practically angular. The northern region of the Deccan Plateau is where the Aravallis, Vindhyas, and Satpuras fountains are located. The Eastern hats are the hills that command the Deccan plateau to the east. Western ghat or Sabyadari hills refer to the Deccan plateau’s western edge. The Rajmahal Mountain Range is located in Bihar’s southeast. The Nilgiri mountain is situated where the western and eastern Ghats converge in southern India. Dodabeta is the Nilgiri mountain’s tallest summit. On the Nilgiri hills is Ooty, the most picturesque town in southern India. Mahendra Mountain is located in the Indian state of Orissa, while the renowned Bababudan Mountain (Iron Hill) is found in the state of Karnataka.

Descriptive Essay On Mountains

Mountains can be classified as volcanic mountains or mountains uplifted by tectonic forces. Volcanic mountains located over a hotspot over a rift in the earth’s crust and uplift mountains linked to tectonic activity over a rift between two tectonic plates are typically found together. Individual volcanic mountains are frequently found and are either mountain of freely flowing lava or mountains of deeply buried, more explosive, and more explosive lava.

Descriptive Essay On Mountains

Mountain ranges are frequently characterised by their age; as they get older, they get lower, more curved, and more eroded, whereas as they are younger, they become more jagged and thrusting. By virtue of their chemical composition, degree of mixing, and geologic age at which they formed, the rocks also contribute to the characterization of a mountain.

Because they were created by a combination of eroded sediments combined with ocean or inland lakes, rocks with water content, such as sandstone, are frequently older erosion-based rocks. The dimensions and location of the range, as well as the quantity of snow, ice, moraines, and glaciation, all serve to characterise the. Mountains can also be identified by the hue of their rocks, the kinds of vegetation that grows on them, and the proximity of neighbouring bodies of water like rivers, lakes, ponds, and the like.

The point, distance, height, interior, etc. from where they are seen can also be included in the description, as well as the impact of the surrounding environment on how they are perceived, such as the time of day, atmospheric humidity, particularly in the form of rain or snow, dust, etc. A mountain’s impact on a person can also be defined; at times, they can be both unpleasant to climb and enjoyable to descend.

Essay On Mountains Importance

For the following reasons, mountains are significant:

  1. Several rivers, including the Ganga, are fed by mountain glaciers. The mountains are home to numerous water reservoirs.
  2. This water is used for cultivation as well as hydroelectric power production.
  3. Farmers utilize the rich soil of river valleys and mountain slopes.
  4. A wide variety of plants and fauna can be found in mountains.
  5. The forests in the mountains give us food, fuel, medicine, fodder, and many other things like gum, honey, and raisins.
  6. The mountains contain a variety of valuable minerals and metals.
  7. Some of these are iron, gold, silver, aluminum, etc. The mountains are also a great place to look for precious stones like diamonds, sapphires, and rubies.
  8. About 720 million people live in mountains, according to the United Nations Development Programme.
  9. Due to their reputation for visual beauty, mountains are frequently visited by tourists. In the mountains, it’s common to participate in a variety of daring sports like skiing, paragliding, and river rafting. The tourism sector benefits from this and grows.
  10. Mountains have an impact on a region’s climatic conditions. For instance, the Himalayas block India from being affected by the chilly winds rising from Central Asia. North Indian weather would have been quite chilly absent the Himalayas.

Read more essay’s Like Essay On Conservation of forest

Source: Wikipedia

FAQ: Frequently Asked Question On Mountains

Question: What is the largest mountain in India?

Answer: The highest mountain in India is the Kanchenjunga summit, which rises above sea level by more than 8.5 thousand meters.

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