Reading comprehension is the ability to understand what a person is reading. The answers provided by a reader to the questions provided at the end of the paragraph determine how well they have read and understood the paragraph. Practicing Unseen passage help improve the ability for the same. The following are 3 Unseen passages for CBSE class 7 students.
Unseen Passage 1
The giraffe is the tallest of all living land animals. A male can go up to 18 feet and a female up to 15 feet. Such height enables them to escape the competition for ground-level grass that exists among other leaf-eaters. It also gives him a long range of vision. He takes the warning of the approaching enemy early.
Giraffes eat a variety of leaves, but acacia leaves are their favorite diet. In spring when many trees are not in leaves, they spend 80 percent of the day eating. In summer, when trees are in full leaf, they need only 15 percent. The rest of the time is spent resting and quarreling.
A giraffe’s long neck is made up like that of man and most other mammals, of only seven vertebrae. The bones are attached to one another with ball and socket joints. These make the neck flexible. It can run at 50 km per hour.
Rising from a lying position is a problem for such a large animal. So, it usually keeps standing even while it sleeps.
To reach the water with such a long neck and legs, a giraffe spreads its front legs wide apart. Then it lowers its neck to drink. This awkward position makes it easy for the lion to attack it.
Vision: Seeing, Mammals: warm-blooded animals with hair and vertebrates, or backbones, Variety: of different kinds, Flexible: able to be easily modified.
On the basis of your reading of the above passage fill in the blanks with suitable words:
1. A giraffe is the …………..(a) of all land animals. The height of a…………… (b) giraffe can go up to 18 feet. The (c) ………….of a female giraffe can be up to 15 feet. With this height it doesn’t have to ………………………(d) with other animals for leaves. This enables it to see its (e) …………… from a long distance. It, however, creates a problem in reaching (f) …………..in tanks.
2. Find words from the above passage that mean opposite to the following:
(a) dead (b) detached (c) stiff (d) hind.
Unseen Passage 2
Our ancestors had great difficulty in getting books. Now, our difficulty is what to read. There are books and books but our hours of reading are very few. Therefore, the choice becomes essential. We should be very careful about what we read. There are books that poison our lives by suggesting evils. We should keep them at arm’s length.
We should read only those books which have stood the test of time. Such books are our great classics like the Ramayana and the Gita. They contain the wisdom of our sages and saints. They have appealed to mankind from generation to generation. Reading such books has an ennobling influence on our mind and character. It gives us spiritual enjoyment. These books give us instruction with entertainment. They represent our ancient culture. High ideas to be followed by us have been set by them in front of us. They are our best friends, best guides, and the best treasure.
Q1. We should be selective because
(a) there is a great number of books available to us
(b) there is a scarcity of books
(c) there are only bad books in the market
(d) none of the above.
Q2. We should avoid those books which
(a) cost high price
(b) come in paperback
(c) corrupt our lives by suggesting evils
(d) come in more than one volume.
Q3. The books which have stood the test of time are called….
(a) great books (b) rare books (c) biographies (d) classics
Q4. What is /are the special qualities/qualities of classics?
(a) They affect our mind in a good way
(b) They teach us something great and also entertain us.
(c) They help us in our spiritual growth
(d) All the above.
Q5. An expression in the passage that means ‘good effect’ is
(a) Spiritual enjoyment (b) Ennobling influence (c) high ideals (d) Very careful.
1. There is a great number of books available to us
2. corrupt our lives by suggesting evils
4. All the above.
5. Ennobling influence
Unseen Passage 3
A volcano is a burning mountain with a great hole running deep into the earth. Out of it comes smoke, gases, and stones. The mouth of the opening is called the crater of the volcano.
Volcanoes are not always burning. Sometimes a volcano will remain quiet for centuries. And then it will suddenly become active. This is called volcanic eruption.
When the eruption takes place, great clouds of ashes, dust, gas, and steam rise from the crater. Loud noises coming from the crater. After some time, white-hot molten rock, called lava begins to flow down the mountainsides. This may go on for days or weeks.
Then the volcano will ‘go to sleep’ again for many years. Most volcanoes are found near the seas.
Centuries: several hundred years, Crater: the mouth or opening on top of the mountain, Molten: in liquid form, Eruption: bursting.
1. On the basis of your reading of the above passage complete the following:
(a) A volcano is a burning mountain.
(b) When a volcano becomes active,
(c) Lava refers to.
(d) A crater is the mouth of the.
(e) Most volcanoes are found.
2. Find words from the above passage that mean opposite to:
(a) closing (b) dormant (c) far
(a) spits fire from a deep hole in the earth
(b) ashes, dust, steam, smoke, and lava rise from its mouth
(c) white-hot molten rock
(d) opening on the top of a volcanic mountain
(e) near the sea