Ncert notes class 6 civics Understanding Diversity


Chapter – 01 Political Science
Understanding Diversity
• From nature, mankind inherits a variety of things. These include plants, trees, flowers, birds,
animals, religion, race, culture and color.
• Diversity: The differences in race, religion, caste, etc. is known as diversity.
• Social Groups:
(i) Human beings cannot fulfill all their needs on their own. They depend on other social
groups to fulfill these needs.
(ii) The various groups are family, community, nation and universe.
• Can Friends be Different:
(i) Nothing stops people from different backgrounds from becoming friends.
(ii) Right to Education (RTE) has made provision for poor family children to study in
public schools. This reduce diversity.
• How Do we Explain Diversity:
(i) Main initially led a nomadic life.
(ii) In later stages, men began to cooperate and intermingled with each other.
(iii) It led to emergence of diversity.
• Diversity and Interdependence:
(i) Within a social group, diverse types of activities are performed depending on their
skills, interests and education.
(ii) To fulfill one’s needs people depend on others.
(iii) With the onset of globalization, the concept of interdependence between diverse
areas has got a boost.
• Unity in Diversity:
(i) India is a land where unity and diversity go hand in hand.
(ii) Indians joined hands against ‘Phirangi Sahebs’ to liberate the country.
(iii) Pt. Nehru in his book, ‘Discovery of India’, wrote that Indian unity is not something
imposed from outside by rather it is something deeper and within its folds.
• Ladakh and Kerala:
(i) Ladakh is a cold desert in Jammu and Kashmir where sheep is domesticated and
Buddhism is the main region.
(ii) Kerala is South India is a multi-religious state and is famous for its spices and fish.


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